A number of tech sites claimed that the LCLS-II (Linac Coherent Light Source II) would become the 2nd world-class X-ray laser. The LCLS-II will reportedly be completed next year at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory of the Department of Energy. Moreover, scientists are putting the finishing touches on a laser, 30-feet underground, and a throw of stone from Stanford University. It could essentially change the method they study the building blocks of the universe. However, the scientists didn’t give an opportunity to film inside the 2-mile-long tunnel ahead of the launch for a new laser. Point to be noted that the fits LCLS is operational since 2009 and it generates 120 light pulses per second beam.
The LCLS-II will have the capability of more than 1 million pulses per second, while a beam is 10 thousand times brighter compared to its predecessor. A staff scientist at SLAC said that he believes it is absolutely right to say that the LCLS-II will enter into a new era of science. It has the ability to make pulses all the way down below a femtosecond. It is noteworthy that a femtosecond is a unit of time (equal to 0. 000 000 000 000 001 with a symbol “fs”) or refers to a second as the second is to the age of the universe. The staff scientist also said the laser will pulse more rapidly and it will give a possibility to previously impossible experiments.
The LCLS is also considered like a microscope with atomic resolution. The device is supposed as a particle accelerator to boost charged particles and arrange them into a beam. The beam then runs through a series of alternating magnets (an undulator) to produce X-rays. Scientists will use those X-rays to generate molecular movies. However, these are photographs of atoms and molecules in motion, caught within a few quadrillionths of a second, and threaded organized like a film. Scientists across various scientific fields came from all around the world to present their LCLS experiments. Their molecular movies have pointed to chemical reactions as they occurred, displayed the behavior of atoms inside stars, and generated live images with process details about the process of photosynthesis.